5 key steps to expand preventive healthcare facilities in India
Over the years, prevention has become a strong pillar in the healthcare industry across the globe. Identification and minimization of disease risk factors, existing disease development/ improvement and early detection of disease through screening are a few important elements of preventive healthcare. It has become crucial as it allows people to know about their health issues in the initial days and helps keep track of the progress on a real-time basis.
In keeping with the requirements of rapidly changing times, Omron Healthcare shares 5 things one needs to know about preventive care in India:
Adoption of medical devices:
With technology at the core of healthcare development, preventive medical devices such as blood pressure monitor, blood glucose monitor, and body fat analyzer are high in demand owing to rising incidences of cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory disorders, diabetes, and obesity. Indians are becoming more conscious of their health risks and are proactively adopting preventive healthcare measures to avoid issues.
Online healthcare records:
Keeping a track of medical records is a tedious job and if the information is in multiple places, it is difficult to use. The task gets harder when working with several doctors to address several health concerns. Electronic Health Record (EHR), allows users to maintain their personal health records, past appointments, test results, prescriptions etc. and helps them keep a track of things. Many applications and online services are available to make the job of organizing this information easier.
Increased government spending on primary care:
The Union Budget 2016-17 was focused on the Healthcare sector and it received benefits like new health protection scheme for health cover up-to 1 lakh per family. Senior citizens will get additional healthcare cover of Rs 30,000 under the new scheme. PM Jan Aushadhi Yojana to be strengthened, 300 generic drug store to be opened. These facilities will help both the rural and urban India to improve its healthcare system and boot it.
Healthcare policies are a welcome necessary step and must expand to help in facilitating equitable health care to both rural and urban India. Healthcare covers not only medical care but also all aspects of preventive care as well. A versatile health insurance plan will help patients to get regular health care check-up, which is the vital part of preventive care.
Sanitation as a key tool:
One of the key areas for preventive healthcare is cleanliness. Maintenance of the hygiene and cleanliness helps reduce the incidence of infections acquired in hospitals and healthcare centers. India lags behind in the field of sanitation and the unsanitary conditions need a great sanitary awakening. Govt. programs like Swachh Abhiyaan dedicated to providing recommendations for healthcare facilities to enable the hospital management to address various aspects of cleanliness and sanitation.
Achieving equity in access to health care across rural and urban India requires overcoming several factors that challenge equity in service delivery, and equity in health financing and financial risk protection.
Scenario of Non-Communicable Disease in India
Non-Communicable Diseases are those diseases which are chronic and generally progress slowly. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. These diseases are not passed from person to person.
Non-communicable disease: A silent Killer(As per WHO)
- 61% of death in India happens because of non-communicable disease.
- 17 lakh deaths in India due to Non-communicable Disease in 2016.
- Cancer, diabetes, heart disease accounts for 55% of premature mortality in India in the age group of 30-70.
- Almost 23% of the population is at risk of premature deaths due to non-communicable disease.
- Limited national progress has been made in the fight against NCD’S- primarily cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes-which are the world’s biggest killers, and claims the lives of 15 million aged 30 to 70 yrs
- NCD’S are responsible for 70% deaths worldwide.
- Four Risk Factors responsible for the significant proposition of these diseases are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and harmful use of alcohol.
- The major metabolic risk factors are obesity, raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose and raised blood cholesterol levels.
- Cardiovascular disease (coronary heart disease, stroke, and hypertension) contribute to 45%of all NCD deaths followed by chronic respiratory disease 22%.
The Importance Of Preventive Healthcare In India
The healthcare industry in India is at a very important juncture. It is poised on the brink of a transformation, as it adopts new approaches, including technology, to help consumers manage their health in a better manner. Preventive healthcare is becoming an area of focus in most countries, and India is no different.
Due to hectic schedules and lifestyle choices, healthcare takes a backseat for many people. This results in the development of conditions that can be debilitating if not fatal unless they are monitored in a timely manner. Stressful and unhealthy lifestyles have led to a significant increase in the incidence of diseases like hypertension and diabetes. According to the Cardiology Society of India, one-third of adult Indians suffer from hypertension, and two-thirds of that number don’t even know it, making the disorder the single biggest silent killer in India according to the Cardiology Society of India, one-third of adult Indians suffer from hypertension, and two-thirds of that number don’t even know it.
Given how skewed the doctor-patient ratio is in India, taking care of one’s health becomes even more important. This is where preventive care becomes relevant.
The last decade has seen a rising adoption of home-monitoring devices for ease and convenience as opposed to regular visits to doctors or path labs. Preventive healthcare has helped consumers in making consistent choices and taking positive action on health, diet, and lifestyle in order to stay fit. These actions not only give the body a fair shot at staying healthy but also help control existing problems at an early stage.
With the increasing incidence of cardiac diseases, hypertension and diabetes at a much younger age, people are grasping the need to take charge of their health and, over the last few years, have been increasingly adopting preventive monitoring as an effective tool. This is not only because they are more health-conscious, but also because the health infrastructure is lacking – the paucity of adequate medical facilities across cities is propelling the adoption of home monitoring devices.
Adopting preventive care techniques like home monitoring allows patients to keep a close eye on their health and ensuring that symptoms do not go out of control.
Adopting preventive care techniques like home monitoring allows patients to keep a close eye on their health and ensure that symptoms do not go out of control. By careful monitoring, healthcare providers and doctors can also take necessary measures to reduce the chances of a health catastrophe.
As consumers continue to gain more awareness and access to healthcare information over the internet or via alternate mediums, the chances of increasing life expectancy will also improve. India has an unprecedented opportunity to become a healthy nation with the ability to take the right preventive steps.