Non Communicable Diseases
Non communicable diseases (NCDs) are a group of diseases that affect individuals over an extended period of time causing socio-economic burden to the nation. The major NCDs share four behavioral risk factors- unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and use of tobacco and alcohol.
In India, from 1990 to 2016, non-communicable diseases (NCD) — heart disease, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases — have caused the most deaths in a year.
India Ranks 154 Among 195 Countries in Healthcare Index , lagging behind by Syria, Iraq , and much lower than China, Srilanka and even Bangladesh.
As per the study, India has performed poorly in tackling cases of tuberculosis, diabetes, chronic kidney diseases and rheumatic heart diseases.
Nearly 61% of deaths in India are now attributed to non-communicable diseases, including heart disorders, cancer and diabetes, according to new data released by the World Health Organization . Almost 23% are at risk of premature death due to such diseases.
The UN agency has warned countries, including India, against premature deaths due to NCDs and said governments must step up efforts immediately. "Limited national progress has been made in the fight against NCDs--primarily cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases, cancers and diabetes--which are the world's biggest killers, and claim the lives of 15 million people aged 30 to 70 years annually," the UN agency said.